COSMOS Observations: Hubble Space Telescope
The COSMOS HST Treasury project was allocated 640 orbits in Cycles 12 & 13 to image a square 2 square degree field with the Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS). Per instructions from the Telescope Allocation Committee (TAC), 50 orbits were given over to an outside group to pursue high-redshift supernovae. The remaining 590 orbits have been used to observe the COSMOS field.
Single orbit exposures with ACS using the F814W filter:
The ACS imaging is the central cornerstone of the COSMOS survey to study galaxy and large scale structure evolution. ACS provides morphologies of over 2 million galaxies at < 100 pc resolution.
Each orbit has 4 dithered exposures in F814W for cosmic ray and bad pixel rejection and to cover the gap between the two ACS CCD arrays.
Over Cycle 12 and 13, the entire 2 degree field was mosaiced starting from the center to the perimeter.
Parallel dataTwo HST instruments were used in parallel with the ACS observations: NICMOS and WFPC2. These observations also exploit the excellent spatial resolution of HST, although neither provides contiguous coverage of the entire field.
590 adjacent HST/ACS fields, each consisting of 4 exposures were imaged in the F814W band during cycles 12 and 13. These were calibrated and combined at STScI into a single image for each field using the MultiDrizzle software, and version 1.3 is available from the COSMOS Archive at IRSA. Work on the HST/ACS data products is led by Anton Koekemoer at STScI and additional information on the observations can be found on the COSMOS HST/ACS website.
Models of the varying focal length of HST and the corresponding point spread function during the time of the COSMOS observations are available from http://www.astro.caltech.edu/~rjm/acs/
Version 2.0 of the data, currently in preparation, will also include pixel-by-pixel correction for trailing due to Charge Transfer Inefficiency.
Updated June 2008.