Radio

Very Large Array

Overview

The COSMOS field has been observed at radio wavelengths at 20 cm (1.4 GHz), 50 cm (610 MHz), and 90 cm (320 MHz) with the Very Large Array (VLA), Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA)  and the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope (GMRT). An HI survey (CHILES) has also been conducted within a subset of the COSMOS field using the VLA and has a companion ultra-deep continuum polarization component. Furthermore, COLDz covers a ~10 sq. arcmin field down to ~1 μJy rms at 35 GHz with the (J)VLA. A summary of all continuum survey parameters can be found in the table at the bottom of the page.

1.4 GHz VLA surveys

The VLA-COSMOS 1.4 GHz surveys (Pilot, Large and Deep Projects; Schinnerer et al. 2004, 2007, 2010) comprise to date the largest radio deep field at such depth (rms~ 7 - 15 μJy/beam over the 2 square degrees) and angular resolution (1.5"). They provide ~ 3, 000 radio sources. These data contributed to major advances in the studies of the dust-unbiased star-formation of galaxies (Carilli et al. 2008; Smolcic et al. 2009a, 2011; Schinnerer et al. 2008; Karim et al. 2010; Sargent et al. 2010a,b) and radio AGN, and their evolution through cosmic history (Smolcic et al., 2007, 2009b, in prep.; Oklopcic et al. 2010; Jelic et al., 2012). Since the first catalog release in 2007 to date about 40 refereed publications including those from the community, with > 1,000 citations, arose from this data set. 

3 GHz VLA survey

Deep Karl G. Jansky VLA observations covering the entire 2 square degree COSMOS field at 10 cm (3 GHz) down to an rms of 2 μJy/beam, uniform across the field, have been completed in 2014 (PI: Smolcic). These observations - constraining the deepest radio levels ever over a large field with superb multi-wavelength coverage - will open a range of new exploration windows in observational cosmology, and serve as the basis for next generation radio facilities, such as the SKA. More information can be found here.

Contact: Vernesa Smolcic - vs [at] phy.hr

Low frequency surveys

The 610 MHz GMRT-COSMOS (Kloeckner et al., in prep) and the 320 MHz VLA-COSMOS surveys (Smolcic et al., 2014) cover the full 2 square degrees, however at a shallower depth compared to the 20 cm map (see below for details). 

Contact: Hans Rainer-Kloeckner -  hrk [at] astro.ox.ac.uk ; Vernesa Smolcic - vs [at] phy.hr

VLBA observations

VLBA observations targeting ~3,000 VLA-COSMOS sources at milliarcsecond resolution at 1.4 GHz are underway (PI: Middelberg). These will reveal the incidence and impact of radio-emitting AGN, and the changes in black hole accretion modes as a function of cosmic time. 

Contact: Noelia Herrera -  herrera [at] astro.rub.de ; Enno Middelberg: middelberg [at] astro.rub.de

COSMOS HI Large Extragalactic Survey (CHILES)

CHILES (PI: J van Gorkom) is a survey to constrain the role neutral hydrogen plays in both driving and regulating star formation over cosmic time.  Carried out with the VLA in B array and covering a redshift range from z=0 to z=0.45, this single 40'x40' pointing is centered at 10:01:24.0 +2:21:00.0 within the COSMOS field. CHILES will produce HI images of at least 300 galaxies spread over the entire redshift range, covering a range of galaxy types and environments.  We observe 15x2048 channels of 31 kHz each with a sensitivity of 50 μJy, which givers a velocity resolution  after Hanning smoothing of 62 kHz, or 6.6 km/s. Our angular resolution of 5 arcsec corresponds to spatial resolution of 350 pc at z=0 and 42 kpc at z=0.45, and with 1000 hours of integration we will detect galaxies with HI mass of 3 x 1010 Msun at our highest redshift.

Contact: Jacqueline van Gorkom - jvangork [at] astro.columbia.edu

CHILES Continuum Polarization (Con Pol)

CHILES Con Pol (PI: C Hales) is an ultra-deep full polarization continuum survey at 1-2 GHz being performed commensally with CHILES (see details above). The survey will reach an SKA-era sensitivity of 500 nJy per 5 arcsecond beam at the field center, rising to double this at the 15 arcminute primary beam radius. The key science aims of CHILES Con Pol are to investigate intergalactic magnetic fields, galaxy evolution, and the transient radio sky. CHILES Con Pol will be sensitive to star formation rates of 10 Msun per year out to z=2, and to ultra-luminous infrared galaxies and sub-millimeter galaxies out to z=8 and beyond. At these unprecedented sensitivities, CHILES Con Pol will open a new regime for radio band studies, extending beyond the usual radio quasar and radio galaxy populations and opening access to the starforming and radio-quiet AGN populations that form the bulk of extragalactic sources detected in the optical, X-ray, and infrared bands. The CHILES Con Pol source catalog will comprise approximately 4000 sources. This will be a useful resource for automating radio source classification in much larger surveys with the SKA and its pathfinders.

Contact: Chris Hales - chales [at] nrao.edu

CO Luminosity Density at High Redshift (COLDz)

COLDz (PI: D Riechers) is a survey in COSMOS and GOODS-N carried out with the Karl G. Jansky Very Large Array (VLA) in 2013-2016, with the principal goal to constrain the CO luminosity function, and thus, the "Cold Gas History of the Universe", at redshifts ~2-3 and ~5-6. The COSMOS portion of the survey covers a ~10 arcmin2 (~6.5 arcmin2 to uniform depth; approximately the size of the Hubble Deep Field) region in a 7-pointing mosaic, scanning the 31-39 GHz frequency range at ~17 km/s velocity resolution to blindly detect redshifted CO emission. The 140 hr mosaic, observed at ~3'' angular resolution, reaches an rms continuum sensitivity of
~1.3 μJy/beam. A smaller, selected sub-field will be observed at an angular resolution of 0.7", down to ~2 times lower rms noise. The first public data release is anticipated for late 2015.

Contact: Dominik Riechers - riechers [at] cornell.edu

 

 

Summary of COSMOS radio continuum projects

 

Status

Configuration

Observating dates

Observing time

Frequency

Pointings

Area

Resolution

Sensitivity

3GHz JVLA COSMOS Large Project

data awarded, observations planned

JVLA

A- and C-configurations

2012 - 2014

384 hours

3 GHz

(S-band, 10 cm)

64

2 sq.deg.

0.7 arcsec

µJy/beam

1.4GHz VLBA COSMOS Project

data awarded, observations being taken

-

2011 - 2013

276 hours

1.4 GHz

(20 cm)

23

2 sq.deg.

~10 mas x 5 mas

~10 µJy/beam

1.4GHz VLAS COSMOS Deep Project

data has been combined with Large project data and released to the public; Schinnerer et al. (2010)

VLA

A- and C-configurations

2006

62 hours

1.4 GHz

(L-band; 20 cm)

7

0.84 sq.deg.

2.5" x 2.5"

7 (12) µJy/beam  at 1.5" (3") angular resolution

1.4GHz VLA COSMOS Large Project

data released to the public; Schinnerer et al. (2007, 2010)

VLA

A- and C-configurations

2004, 2005

275 hours

1.4 GHz

(L-band; 20 cm)

23

2 sq.deg.

1.5" x 1.4"

10.5 (15) µJy/beam over 1 (2) sq. deg.

1.4GHz VLA COSMOS Pilot Project

data released to the public; Schinnerer et al. (2004)

VLA

A-configuration

2003

10 hours

1.4 GHz

(L-band; 20 cm)

7

0.84 sq.deg.

1.9" x 1.6"

25-100 µJy/beam (inner to outermost regions)

320MHz VLA COSMOS Project

data released to the team; Smolcic et al., (2014)

VLA

A-configuration

2008

24 hours

324 MHz

(P band; 90cm)

1

3.07 sq.deg.

6.0" x 5.3"

0.5 mJy/beam

244MHz GMRT COSMOS Pilot Project

data pipelined

28 antennas

2007

4 hours

244 MHz

1

~10 sq. deg.

~7 arcsec

~70 µJy/beam

610MHz GMRT COSMOS Pilot Project

data pipelined

28 antennas

2007

4 hours

610 MHz

1

~0.5 sq. deg.

~7 arcsec

~70 µJy/beam

610MHz GMRT COSMOS Mosaic

data raw

30 antennas

2007

38 hours

610 MHz

19

~8 sq. deg.

~7 arcsec

anticipated 100 µJy/beam

CHILES Con Pol

all processed; data release 1 catalog under production (1st 180 hours)

JVLA B-configuration

2013-ongoing

388/1000 hours

1-2 GHz (L-band; 20 cm)

1

0.2 sq. deg.

4 arcsec

anticipated 500 nJy/beam

COLDZ

First tier completed. Catalog production in progress.

C, D, DnC

2013-2016

500 hours (all fields)

35 GHz (Ka band, 9mm)

7

~10 sq. arcmin

0.7-3 arcsec

0.7-1.3 microJy/beam (continuum)